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Биография Vladimir Voronin

> Moldavia > Политики > Partidul Comuniștilor > Vladimir Voronin
Vladimir Voronin Vladimir Voronin
Vladimir Voronin
Un politician din Moldova. | Mолдавский государственный и политический деятель. | A Moldovan politician.
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ОПИСАНИЕ КАНДИДАТА: 

Vladimir Voronin Биография

RON:

 

Vladimir Voronin (n. 25 mai 1941, satul Corjova, R.S.S. Moldovenească) a fost președinte al Republicii Moldova, timp de 8 ani (din 4 aprilie 2001 până în 11 septembrie 2009).

 

Activitatea politică ulterioară

Vladimir Voronin este unul dintre partizanii ideii comuniste. Membru PCUS. În anul 1993 devine copreședinte al Comitetului organizatoric al Partidului Comuniștilor din Republica Moldova. În anul 1994 este ales prim-secretar al Comitetului Central al Partidului Comuniștilor din Republica Moldova. La alegerile pentru funcția de Președinte al Republicii Moldova din anul 1996 a candidat la funcția de Președinte al Republicii Moldova.

 

În perioada 22 iunie 1998 - 23 aprilie 2001, a fost membru în delegația Republicii Moldova la Adunarea Parlamentară a Consiliului Europei. În februarie 2001 a fost ales deputat în Parlamentul Republicii Moldova de legislatura a XV-a. La data de 4 aprilie 2001 a fost ales Președinte al Republicii Moldova. Vladimir Voronin a fost reales, la 4 aprilie 2005, în funcția de președinte al Republicii Moldova cu 75 voturi ale deputaților PCRM, PPCD, PDM și PSL. Două voturi au fost anulate, iar un singur vot a fost acordat academicianului Gheorghe Duca.

 

Începînd cu 2003, Vladimir Voronin a afirmat în repetate rânduri că prioritatea esențială a politicii externe a Moldovei este procesul de integrare europeană, scopul esențial care trebuie atins fiind aderarea la Uniunea Europeană. În realitate, prin măsurile pe care le-a promovat, a compromis relațiile Republicii Moldova atât cu Uniunea Europeană, România ca țară membră a UE, dar și cu Rusia.

 

La data de 9 aprilie 2009 mandatul i-a expirat. La 12 mai 2009 a fost ales președinte al Parlamentului Republicii Moldova, cu votul a celor 60 de deputați PCRM.

 

sursă

 

 

RUS:

 

Владимир Николаевич Воронин (25 мая 1941, Коржево, Молдавская ССР, СССР) — молдавский государственный и политический деятель, третий президент Молдавии. Дважды избирался парламентом страны на этот пост — в 2001 и 2005 годах. Лидер Партии коммунистов Республики Молдова.

 

Политическая деятельность

В 1983 году окончил Академию общественных наук при ЦК КПСС, был инструктором, заместителем заведующего организационным отделом ЦК КПМ. В 1985 году назначен на должность заведующего отделом Совета Министров МССР. До 1989 года работал первым секретарём Бендерского городского комитета партии. В 1989—1990 годах занимал должность министра внутренних дел МССР. В 1993 году Воронин был избран сопредседателем организационного комитета Партии коммунистов Молдавии. С 1994 года — председатель партии. С марта 1998 года являлся депутатом молдавского парламента XIV созыва, членом Постоянного бюро парламента, председателем парламентской фракции ПКРМ. В феврале 2001 года избран депутатом парламента XV созыва.

 

4 апреля 2001 года избран президентом Молдавии, получив 71 голос из 89 участвовавших в голосовании депутатов. 11 сентября 2009 года Владимир Воронин сложил с себя полномочия главы государства. Владимир Воронин два четырёхлетних срока подряд занимал пост президента страны и, согласно Конституции Молдавии, на третий срок баллотироваться не имел права. Воронин имеет звание генерал-майора МВД.

 

источник

 

 

ENG:

 

Vladimir Nicolaevici Voronin (born May 25, 1941) is a Moldovan politician. He was the third President of Moldova from 2001 until 2009 and has been the First Secretary of the Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova (PCRM) since 1994. He was Europe's first democratically elected Communist Party head of state after the dissolution of the Eastern Bloc.

 

Political career

After 1971, he was active in the state administration of the Moldavian SSR, being in turn a member of the Dubăsari and Ungheni township executive committees, of the Ungheni District Executive Committee, and, starting 1983, inspector and vice-director of the Organization Section of the Central Committee of the Moldavian branch of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. In 1985, he was appointed head of section in the Council of Ministers of the Moldavian SSR. Between 1985 and 1989, Voronin served as first secretary of the Bender City Committee of the Communist Party. Between 1988 and 1990, he held the office of the Minister of Internal Affairs of the Moldovan SSR. In this capacity he advocated against the use of force to quell the anti-Soviet popular demonstrations of November 7 and 10, 1989, a regretful reference to which he made when addressing the country on TV on April 8 after the police has quelled the 2009 Moldova civil unrest. Voronin was also a member of the Supreme Soviet of the Moldavian SSR of 10th and 11th legislatures.

 

In 1993, Voronin became the co-president of the Organizational Committee for the creation of the Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova (PCRM). He played a central role in reviving the Communist Party after it was banned in 1991-1993. In 1994 he was elected President of the PCRM. He was a candidate for the post of President of the now-independent Republic of Moldova at the 1996 elections. In the parliamentary election in March 1998, Vladimir Voronin was elected as a Member of Parliament. He then served as member of its Permanent Bureau and as president of the PCRM's parliamentary faction, which held 40 of 101 seats.

 

Voronin was nominated as Prime Minister of Moldova by President Petru Lucinschi in late 1999, but the nomination was unsuccessful because Voronin did not have enough support in parliament. In the parliamentary election in February 2001, he was again elected as a Member of Parliament.

 

In March the PCRM's Central Committee nominated Voronin as its presidential candidate at a plenum, and on April 4, 2001 Voronin was elected as President. The Constitutional Court ruled that the President could also lead a political party, and Voronin was re-elected as the PCRM's leader.

 

After the parliamentary election held on 5 April 2009, the PCRM won 49.48% of the vote and 60 seats, one seat too few to elect a President. Voronin was elected Speaker of the Parliament and retained the Presidency of Moldova with an interim status. The police crackdown of the civil unrest in April 2009 antagonized the society, and the communists were unable to secure one additional vote out of the 41 MPs from the three opposition parties; a snap parliamentary election was necessary.

 

Voronin announced on 2 September 2009 that he intended to resign, saying that his position as acting President had become "ambiguous and doubtful". He resigned on 11 September 2009.

 

The pro-Western parliamentary majority on December 29, 2009 blocked Voronin's election to Moldova's permanent delegation at the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe in Strasbourg. In February 2010, Vladimir Voronin and his wife returned the diplomatic passports which they were keeping illegally.

 

source

2010-07-28

updated: 2013-08-19

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